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Summary Bulletin: Slip Resistant Floor Surfaces

Authors: Quinn, J., Bridge, C.
Illustrators/Contributors: Svegner, M.
Published: 8th February 2018
Audience: Consumers, Industry, Librarians/Researchers/Students
ISBN: 978-0-7334-3646-8
DOI: 10.4227/169/5a7bcd267a2c3


Slipping on a floor and falling is a major cause of injury in the home. Older people are among the most susceptible to slip and fall injuries and risk a greater degree of injury when falls occur.

Recent building regulations have specified requirements for the slip resistance of stairs and ramps in all dwellings, as well as floor surfaces in some common areas of higher-density residential dwelling buildings and some specialised dwellings for people with disability. However, these regulations are applicable to new construction only. There is building regulation for slip resistance of existing floors in residential dwellings. Having slip resistant floor surfaces in homes is reliant on home designers, purchasers, owners and residents, either selecting appropriate floors at the time of construction, or modifying inappropriate floors in the existing home. The floor surfaces then need to be maintained so that slip resistance is retained.

For the residential stairs and ramps that are required to be slip resistant, the Australian Building Code provides an acceptable minimum slip resistance classification for the floor surface. However, there is limited guidance available on achieving slip resistant floor surfaces in other areas of the home. Australian Standards handbooks’ recommended slip resistance classification for floor surfaces are focused on public environments; quite different to the residential environment. Slip resistance classifications and their corresponding test methods need to be understood when selecting a floor product, to ensure that the classification of a particular floor product is applicable to residential environments. Many floor products do not come with a slip resistance classification rating at all.

This Summary Bulletin responds to recent Australian regulatory changes for slip resistance of floor surfaces within dwellings and on accessways in common areas of dwelling buildings. The current regulations and Australian Standards for slip resistance classification and testing are detailed, and their applicability to residential dwellings discussed. Methods for selecting appropriate slip resistant floor surfaces in new homes, and methods of modifying existing floor surfaces to make them more slip resistant, are then examined.

Table of Contents



Factors Affecting Slip Resistance

The Shoe/foot–Floor Interface

Personal Factors

Environment Factors

Regulatory Requirements and Guidelines for  Slip Resistant Floor Surfaces in Homes

Building Code of Australia (BCA)

Australian Standards and Guides for Access and Safety in Housing

Australian Standards for Slip Resistance

The Need for Slip Resistant Floor Surfaces in Homes

Providing the slip resistant floor surfaces required by the BCA

Providing slip resistant floor surfaces in other areas of the home

Approaches to Slip Resistant Floor Surfaces  in Homes

Installing Slip Resistant Floors

Modifying Existing Floors with a Slip Resistant Treatment

Maintaining the Slip Resistance of Floor Surfaces

Approaches for Slip Resistant Floors – Comparison

Checklist for a Slip Resistant Floor Surface


Appendix 1: Slip Resistance Classifications and Test Methods

Pendulum Classification

Ramp Barefoot Classification

Co-efficient of Friction

SlipAlertTM Test Value

Appendix 2: Methods of Improving Slip Resistance

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