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Occasional Research Papers

HMinfo Occasional Research Papers are individually commissioned research papers on existing or emerging issues in home design and home modifications for older people, for people with disability, or for carers. Read more

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Rural Home Modification: Overview and Policy Issues in Rural and Regional Australia

Authors: Jung, Y., Millikan, L.
Published: 1st November 2009
Audience: Government/NGOs/Peaks, Industry, Librarians/Researchers/Students
ISBN: 978-0-7334-27


This study is exploratory by nature, and aims to present comprehensive features of rural home modification in Australia.

Based on the findings, this report hopes to

  • contribute to the identification of policy issues in home modification in rural areas,
  • extract the policy implications for a wider application of home modification and
  • recommend policy initiatives that promote age-friendly housing environments in rural areas through home modification.

Feedback and case examples on the issues are welcomed.

Publication History

1st edition Rural Home Modification: Overview and Policy Issues in Rural and Regional Australia by Yong Moon Jung and Lyndal Millikan, November 2009. Reprinted May 2014.

Table of Contents


  • Background
  • Aim
  • Defining rural areas
  • Issues impacting on rural home modification
    • A higher proportion of older adults
    • Access to health services
    • Higher incidence of falls
    • Substandard housing environment
    • Higher attachment to home
  • Actual conditions of rural home modification
    • Data
    • Service usage
    • Demographic characteristics
      • Age
      • Gender
      • Indigenous Status
      • Language spoken
    • Circumstances for home modification services
      • Living arrangements
      • Carer availability
      • Accommodation status
    • Policy issues in rural home modification
      • Skill shortage
      • Disadvantaged consumer groups
      • Regulatory and educational issues
  • Summary and conclusion
  • References


  • Table 1. Home modification users in comparison with population distribution (%)
  • Table 2. Age (%)
  • Table 3. Gender in comparison with gender ratio (%)
  • Table 4. Indigenous status (%)
  • Table 5. CALD (%)
  • Table 6. Living arrangements (%)
  • Table 7. Existence of carer (%)
  • Table 8. Carer residency status (%)
  • Table 9. Accommodation (%)*
  • Table 10. Government pension/benefit status (%)
  • Table 11. Distribution of selected health workforce
  • Table 12. Availability of care resources among disadvantaged home modification

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