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Occasional Research Papers

HMinfo Occasional Research Papers are individually commissioned research papers on existing or emerging issues in home design and home modifications for older people, for people with disability, or for carers. Read more

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Rural Home Modification: Overview and Policy Issues in Rural and Regional Australia

Authors: Jung, Y., Millikan, L.
Published: 1st November 2009
Audience: Government/NGOs/Peaks, Industry, Librarians/Researchers/Students
ISBN: 978-0-7334-27


This study is exploratory by nature, and aims to present comprehensive features of rural home modification in Australia.

Based on the findings, this report hopes to

• contribute to the identification of policy issues in home modification in rural areas,

• extract the policy implications for a wider application of home modification and

• recommend policy initiatives that promote age-friendly housing environments in rural areas through home modification.

Feedback and case examples on the issues are welcomed.

Publication History

1st edition Rural Home Modification: Overview and Policy Issues in Rural and Regional Australia by Yong Moon Jung and Lyndal Millikan, November 2009. Reprinted May 2014

Table of Contents




Defining rural areas 

Issues impacting on rural home modification 

A higher proportion of older adults 

Access to health services 

Higher incidence of falls 

Substandard housing environment

Higher attachment to home 

Actual conditions of rural home modification 


Service usage 

Demographic characteristics 

1.      Age 

2.      Gender

3.      Indigenous Status 

3.      Language spoken 

Circumstances for home modification services 

1.      Living arrangements 

2.      Carer availability 

3.      Accommodation status 

Policy issues in rural home modification 

Skill shortage 

Disadvantaged consumer groups 

Regulatory and educational issues 

Summary and conclusion 



Table 1. Home modification users in comparison with population distribution (%)

Table 2. Age (%)

Table 3. Gender in comparison with gender ratio (%)

Table 4. Indigenous status (%)

Table 5. CALD (%)

Table 6. Living arrangements (%)

Table 7. Existence of carer (%)

Table 8. Carer residency status (%)

Table 9. Accommodation (%)*

Table 10. Government pension/benefit status (%)

Table 11. Distribution of selected health workforce 

Table 12. Availability of care resources among disadvantaged home modification 


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