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Occasional Research Papers

HMinfo Occasional Research Papers are individually commissioned research papers on existing or emerging issues in home design and home modifications for older people, for people with disability, or for carers. Read more

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Basic biomechanical and anatomical principles underpinning grabrail prescription for sit-to-stand transfers

Authors: C. Bridge
Published: 1st May 2003
Audience: Consumers, Government/NGOs/Peaks, Industry, Librarians/Researchers/Students
ISBN: 1 86487 566 6

Abstract

This occasional paper seeks to address some of the relevant knowledge required by therapists in prescribing grabrails to improve safety and functional ability of older ambulant persons in sit to stand from a toilet.

Publication History

1st edition Basic biomechanical and anatomical principles underpinning grabrail prescription for sit-to-stand transfers by Catherine Bridge, May 2003. Reprinted June 2014

Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction 

Background 

Aim     

The action of sit-to-stand 

Basic principles of grabrail provision for toileting activities 

Reduces;

Increases;

Basic functional anatomy of the upper limb 

Clinical implications 

Some specific known common disability issues affecting sit-to-stand transfers 

Hemiplegia 

Amputees 

Arthritis of the knee 

References 

Figures

Figure 1. Four whole body movements evident in sit-to-stand 

Figure 2. Muscles of the upper limb (Maurel, 1999)

Tables

Table 1. Function of muscle groups 



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