Translating high quality research specific to better design and building practice

Research Library

The HMinfo Research Library contains an in-depth collection of materials on home modifications and related subjects.

The Research Library does not lend books and other items. Under special circumstances, requests to use the library may be made by emailing .

Library Search


The Sandwich Generation: Dependency, Proximity, and Task Assistance Needs of Parents

Journal of Family & Economic Issues

Author: Nichols, L. S., Junk, V. W.
Type: Journal Article
Year: 1997


The extent of "sandwiched" families & the impact of dependency & proximity to task assistance provided to parent(s) are investigated using 1991 mail survey data from random samples of respondents, ages 40-65, in MI, ID, OR, & UT (total N = 1,466). Analysis indicates that 15% are sandwiched between needs of aging parents & financially dependent children. Respondents are much more likely to be providing assistance to mothers than fathers. Parents are most likely to live near, but not necessarily with, the respondent. Spouses & partners' parents, however, are likely to live farther away. Task assistance provided most often to aging parent(s) includes help with transportation & shopping; financial assistance is reported least often. Income of respondent & dependency & proximity of parents are significantly related to providing assistance to parents.

Further Details

Pages: 299-326
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Accession Number: 23.5.03
Keywords: older, security
Reads: 152