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The Invisible Poor: Canada's Retired Widows

Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

Author: McDonald, L.
Type: Journal Article
Year: 1997

Abstract:

Examines the economic circumstances of widowed women who were in the labor force at some time in their lives. Data from the Survey of Ageing & Independence are used to compare widows (N = 279,000) to the married, separated/divorced, & the ever single who retired (N = 377,000, 54,000, & 70,000, respectively); widows above & below Statistics Canada Low Income Cut-Off are also compared. Models predicting who falls below the Low Income Cut-Off are estimated for all women & for the widows. The findings indicate that 49% of the widows live below the Low Income Cut-Off. Factors associated with living below the poverty line include widowhood, a smaller household, lower levels of education, & an occupation at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy. Sources of income that would enhance the likelihood of being above the poverty line, eg, RRSPs (ie, combination of occupational pension & individual savings plans), investments & a job-related pension, are not common among these women despite their previous attachment to the labor force.

Further Details

Full Title: Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
Pages: 553-583
Volume: 16
Issue: 3
Accession Number: 22.5.03
Keywords: North America, older, security
Reads: 160
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