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Self-actualization and locus of control: a proposed function of the sociopsychological aging process

Mid South Sociological Association Paper

Author: Box, T., Lanmon, M., Peck, D.
Year: 1977
Type: Journal Article


With approximately 10% of the current U.S. population 65 years or older, & estimates that by the year 2000 33.3% of the U.S. population will be encompassed by these age-specific categories, a growing concern is whether the increasing number of elderly can be contributing members of society or whether they constitute a potential drain of social resources. On the other hand, there exists a concern as to whether the social environment enhances or encumbers independence or dependence among the elderly. Available data suggest former condition holds eminence on the social level suggesting negative effects on the psychological level. Research results indicate that both institutionalized & noninstitutionalized elderly persons demonstrate impaired adaptation & adjustment, a lowered capacity for thought & physical action, & increased depression. Intergroup comparisons note an even greater debilitating state among the institutionalized. 2 equal samples (N=48) of an elderly population located in a small city in a Southwest state were verbally administered the Levenson I, P, & C scale & Lefcourt's POI scale. Research was guided by a question referring to any observed differences between the experimental & control groups in world view & adaptation to the social environment. Results indicate that both groups are below the standardized norm. Also, that institutionalized persons scored even lower than their noninstitutionalized counterparts. The assumption that the elderly hold an impaired outlook in their relationship to society seems to have some support.

Further Details

Accession Number 18.3.03
Keywords North America, older, emotional

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