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Research Library

The HMinfo Research Library contains an in-depth collection of materials on home modifications and related subjects.

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Gender, health and trajectories of functional disability in late adulthood

American Sociological Association paper

Author: Maddox, G. L., Clark, D. O.
Type: Journal Article
Year: 1995


Illustrates the application of an adaptation of standard ADL/IADL measurements of functional disability among older adults proposed by Wolinsky & colleagues to an important longitudinal data set for aging research. This new three-dimensional measurement, supplemented by two physical functioning indicators, is assessed in its application to the National Long-Term Care Survey, estimating the prevalence of different components of disability by gender/sex & evaluating the importance of socioeconomic & biomedical variables in predicting different dimensions of disability status & their consequences. While gender/sex differences in disability are observed, the most powerful predictors prove to be biomedical/physical functioning conditions & events (eg, emphysema, diabetes, obesity, & limitations of body movement). Several caveats about the use of survey data in future research on the dynamics & consequences of functional status are suggested.

Further Details

Full Title: American Sociological Association paper
Accession Number: 21.5.03
Keywords: older, health improvement, assessment
Reads: 197