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Clinical Reasoning of a Novice versus an Experienced Occupational Therapist: A Qualitative Study

Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Author: Gibson, D., Velde, B., Hoff, T., Kvashey, D., Manross, P. L.
Year: 2000
Type: Journal Article

Abstract:

The clinical reasoning process is an important aspect of occupational therapy practice. The purpose of this critical, focused ethnography was to compare the clinical reasoning process of an experienced and novice therapist. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with an experienced and a novice therapist after each had reviewed a sample case study to help elicit the clinical reasoning process. Observations in the clinical setting were conducted. Themes which emerged include definitions of clinical reasoning, sources used when reasoning, factors influencing clinical reasoning, ability to prioritize, patient viewed as an individual, patients' role in treatment, and clinical reasoning as an evolving process. Similarities and differences between the therapists are noted and discussed. Implications for practice, education, and future research are identified.

Further Details

Full Title Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Pages 15-31
Volume 12
Issue 4
Accession Number November, 2010
Keywords mental

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