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Contextual and strategic knowledge in the acquisition of design expertise.

Learning and Instruction

Author: Etelapelto, A.
Type: Journal Article
Year: 2000

Abstract:

This study examines the acquisition of expertise in designing and developing information systems. The aim was to investigate how practical experience is related to contextual and strategic knowledge in problem-solving. Using a combination of expert–novice comparisons and longitudinal methods, professional systems analysts were compared with novices at the beginning and end of a seven month project-based course. The results show that during the course, the novices acquired a good deal of strategic competence in using domain-specific methods. Compared to the novices, the experts showed a more comprehensive and higher level of awareness of clients' contextual constraints. The study demonstrated qualitative variation in the subjects' solutions to design problems. Five distinct solution patterns were found; these appeared to originate mainly from the settings of the subjects' practical work.

Further Details

Publish Dates: 2000
Pages: 113-136
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Accession Number: November, 2010
Keywords: design
Reads: 117
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